Over Year 3 and 4, children have the opportunity to explore the local area of Ramsey,
debating issues such as land use and importance of the high street against large
supermarket stores. They continue to develop more of an understanding towards the
UK, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key
topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use
patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time .
Children then compare the climate of the UK to the Arctic. They spend time exploring
differences between the two areas of the world. They are encouraged to express views and use geographical vocabulary. Children use globes and atlases to learn about the U.K, world and continents.
In Year 5 and 6, children begin to consider wider geographical topics including
comparing the city of London to The Mayans. They can describe and understand key aspects of physical geography including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle. Children also consider in greater detail the human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water. World related issues such as global warming, the loss of rainforest areas, and damage to wildlife populations are also
debated. To do this children may take part in fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features, using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.